Sabalan the second highest volcanic mountain in iran
Sabalan Mountain is in Ardabil, between Ardabil and Meshgin Shahr. Sabalan Mountain is the second volcanic mountain after Damavand and it is an in active one. Sulfur fountains, hot water springs and the thick steam exit is showing that it is still talented for volcanic activities. In Sheikh Mohammad lo village from Meshgin Shahr there are stone trees found which a sign of Sabalan volcanic activities is in the past. In this region there were forests that were totally destroyed by the last Sabalan outburst and there are fossils left from them. The age of these tree fossils backs to one million and half years ago.
Sabalan footland length is 60 kilometers and 45 width that is limited to Meshgin Shahr and Ahar from north, Sarab from south, Ardabil from east and Tabriz from west. These foot lands are in parallel with Arasbaran. Its dimension is about six thousand square meters. Sabalan Mountains are covered with snow in all seasons.
Sabalan has five summits and the highest summit of it is sultan with 4811 meters height. It is the third highest summit in Iran after Damavand and Alam kooh (Alam-Kuh). Other summits are Heram-e dagh and Kasra. Heram-e dagh includes three summits, their height is between 4500 to 4600, and they are technically difficult to climb.
Sabalan has five natural glaciers, two glaciers are in north foot lands of sultan, two glaciers in Kasra mountain foot land and the last glacier is located in Heram-e dagh foot land.
Sabalan is in contrast with other mountains in Iran because of the lake that is located in sultan summit. The depth of this lake is estimated about 40 meters and it is one of the most beautiful lakes in Iran. This lake is mostly covered with ice during the year. So all these summits glaciers and lake are an attraction for athletes to come to this site and take the joy of this place.
In summer in Iran Sabalan, climbing is in its high season.
Sabalan has three major nomads tribe which Shahsavan or Moghan plain nomads are the main ones estivating. They migrate to the lowest foot land at the end of the summer. At the beginning of autumn and with the start of the cold season, they left Sabalan foot lands and move to Moghan plain.
Climbing to Sabalan
This mountain climbing to Sabalan is relatively heavy and it is better to get yourself ready within a few lighter plans. Also being fully equipped is necessary. If you are not an expert in mountain climbing don’t forget to take an experienced person with yourself. To climb to this mountain you can take three different faces from south, west and north east.